These are often semi-evergreen, with largish single flowers in mid- to late May. 'Stewartsonian' is an evergreen azaleas, a member of the Gable hybrid group, developed by the late Joseph Gable of Stewartson, Pennsylvania. Care of Evergreen Azalea Plants. Most of them bloom at the same time in one season. The blossoms are large and consist of rounded white flowers. Height – 1 ½ to 4 feet (50 to 120 cm) Exposure – part sun and shade Soil – acid, heath soil. Prepare heath plant soil mix and ensure the pot or container is wide enough.. To keep your Azalea japonica small, prune branches back after the blooming. If you are looking for an azalea that will make an excellent choice for a groundcover, this is one that should be on the top of your list. You need to decide on which variety will work best for your environment. Foliage – evergreen Flowering – April-May. It is a late blooming variety, which explains the name of the plant. This is an essential of the Japanese tea garden as a symbol of spring, and is found in gardens throughout Asia. They need a loose, moist but well-drained soil that is rich in acidic organic content such as composted oak leaves or pine needles. Although azaleas are generally free of pests and diseases with proper azalea care, common azalea diseases and problems do exist. If you have an indoor azalea, see to it that the temperature is favorable for its condition. Proper care and maintenance will be necessary, but luckily, you do not need to exert a lot of effort in keeping the plant in its best condition. How to Plant Encore® Azaleas - In this video I show how to plant Encore® Azaleas. In winter some stand out with large evergreen leaves. It will also be necessary to prune the plant early in the spring. Providing Azaleas With Proper Soil. Evergreen Azaleas, also known as Azalea Japonica or Japanese Azaleas, are hardy evergreen plants that can be grown outside and as the name suggests many are grown in Japan and have a traditional place in Japanese gardens. The length of the flower can be two to four inches. It is a hardy plant that thrives well in almost any climate, especially if you provide it with tender loving care. Summary. Evergreen azaleas (Rhododendron spp.) We are home and garden enthusiasts, we share our unique knowledge and expertise. Flowers from autumn into winter before producing a stunning burst of colour in the spring, complemented by glossy green foliage all year round. Dwarf Norway spruce —This small-growing evergreen shrub has a low-spreading growth habit that is perfect as a specimen plant. The width, on the other hand, will be approximately three to five feet. Evergreen Azaleas. Cover the entire root zone of the plant with a 2- to 4-inch layer of coarse organic mulch to insulate the roots from temperature extremes and conserve moisture. The shrub grows upright, but it is round. ... How to Care for Azaleas. By Allen Owings . Follow application instructions on the product label. However, while the common rhododendron produces blooms in clusters, azalea only has a single bloom in one stem. Hybridizes in nature with R. kaempferi and others. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Find the perfect spot in the garden. Azaleas produce toxic honey, commonly referred to as “mad honey,” which leaks all throughout the plant. The flowers have five to six stamens, as against other rhododendrons that have up to ten stamens. Evergreen azaleas have a big advantage over some other garden shrubs when it comes to pruning - lop off the end of most any branch or twig that is not heavily shaded and a healthy plant will soon activate new buds (called adventitious buds) below the cut end. Water only when the ground is firm and dry. In the rest of this post, we will share with you some of the most important things you need to know about azaleas, including how to grow the plant and how to take care of it. The two most common deficiencies that … Azalea is a perennial shrub that is a part of the Rhododendron family. It should be shady with indirect sunlight. Ideally, the temperature should be anywhere from 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. While water is necessary for the growth of the plant, overdoing it is one of the leading causes of azalea’s death. In spring the flowers are showy; throughout the summer and fall the leaves add a pleasing, deep green color to the garden. Examine the quality of the soil. You can use fertilizers, but you should do it sparingly. The use of a slow release fertiliser such as Cross Hills Long-Life Fertiliser is the safest method. Fertilize evergreen Azaleas when they start to bloom in spring with an azalea, camellia and rhododendron food or a slow-release shrub & tree food that contains sulfur and/or iron. If you have home and garden ideas, feel free to write for us. The acidity of the soil is equally important. Plant evergreen azaleas so that the soil line above the root ball sits slightly above the surrounding soil. The bloom time varies with the variety and you can extend the season of interest by interplanting varieties of evergreen azaleas that bloom in late winter, spring and summer. They also do not have scales in the bottom, unlike other rhododendrons. It is a good choice to grow if you are in a place with a cooler climate. Azaleas often require specific sun and soil conditions, such as full sun or moist but well-draining soil. Consult with the specific variety of the azalea as this will be indicative of the sun or light requirements. Prompt removal of problem branches helps prevent issues later on. It will also be necessary to prune the plant early in the s… Some deciduous azaleas add bright fall color before the leaves drop. Some deciduous types produce gorgeous autumn colors, while evergreen varieties add year-round interest to the garden. Do not plant directly from the bottom of the blooms. Some types undergo fall foliage changes, but the colors are never as stunning as deciduous fall azaleas. Insects that can affect azaleas include lace bugs and spider mites . Deciduous Azaleas may be planted in Fall, but evergreen azaleas in spring at bud stage - or after flowering, which will be late spring. Their small lance-shaped leaves often colour up in autumn. This plant can have a height of six to eight feet. Everything about Azaleas: How to Plant, Grow and Care for Azaleas, Nasturtium: A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Nasturtiums Indoors, Anthurium: A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Anthuriums Indoors, Geranium: A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Geraniums Indoors. It has been an important parent in the development of hardy evergreen azaleas. Height to 4ft (1.2m), spread to 5ft (1.5m). offer year-round interest with foliage that stays green and spectacular blooms once or twice a year. kiusianum, a dense, twiggy shrub growing up to 2-3 feet. Encourage bushy growth by clipping off the tips of the branches several times a year. A native to Thailand and China, azaleas were popular in Asia since the ancient times, especially in Chinese medical texts. Most will take full open sun if given proper watering, fertilizing, and mulching. If you cannot decide on which variety is best to grow, below is a quick look at some of the choices you might want to look at: This dwarf type of Encore azalea reaches a maximum height of only 2.5 feet and spread of three feet. It could mean different things in different cultures. It has an average height of six to 12 inches. Use a fertilizer with twice as much nitrogen as phosphorous or potassium. Avoid planting in winter, though mid autumn can be an option in areas where there is adequate shelter from drying o r unsettling wind. Evergreen azaleas are suitable for container growing, due to their size, or smaller gardens. The flame red flower of this azalea makes it attractive. Keep in mind that if you can avoid pruning, then this is a better option. Mulching is important to help retain moisture in the soil and to supplement the nutrients that the roots need. These flowering plants require minimal maintenance once established. Keep the soil evenly moist at all times. Press firmly from the top and water the surface lightly. It can be a deciduous or an evergreen plant. It produces bright orange flowers. Never prune after July 1st, as this will greatly reduce next spring’s blooms. kaempferi, the most common native azalea of Japan, is one of the hardiest of the evergreen azaleas. Choose one that is appropriate for your place. Most Azaleas flower in May and grow to 60-75 cm in 10 years, but look out for our speciality late flowering nakaharae Azaleas which are prostrate, and excellent for cascading over walls or tubs. More than the big flowers, it is also popular for its distinct fragrance. Here are some of the things that you should do to keep the plant in its best shape: Most people grow azalea purely for aesthetic purposes. Kurume azaleas. Azaleas are hard to beat if you’re looking for a low-maintenance plant that produces masses of bright color and attractive foliage. Prune deciduous azaleas while they are dormant and leafless. Evergreen azaleas are not as cold hardy as deciduous types -- most are limited to U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 or 6 through 8 or 9. Because of its size, this is a good choice for container gardening. Too much fertilizer can kill the plant. Choose from 31 multiseason blooming azalea varieties that love sun or part shade. It can also encourage too much foliage growth without flowering. Evergreens that bloom twice a year sometimes have their second flush in fall. This prolific bloomer will have red orange flowers. Three main evergreen cultivar groups include: Kaempferi azaleas. You can also place a humidifier near the plant to alter the external environment and to provide the moisture that it needs, especially during the humid months. When it comes to flowering shrubs, evergreen azaleas provide the charms of beauty and form to any garden. A deciduous azalea, it has showy and bright yellow blooms. Homyden.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. You have to be careful about watering. After choosing the location and making sure that the condition of the soil will be favorable, now is the time to plant the azalea. Winter Care for Azaleas. Name – Rhododendron Family – Ericaceae Type – shrub. This will depend on the specific variety of the plant. Cut it using clean scissors, which will prevent the spread of infection to the healthy parts of the plant. More so, we will also discuss its different varieties to help you choose which one is best to grow. Alternatively, you can feed with a natural or organic plant food, preferably one that contains iron. Evergreen azaleas, sometimes called Japanese azaleas, are smaller and slower growing, reaching up to 3ft ( up to 90cm) after ten years. There are some varieties that are primarily for groundcover, which can have a maximum height of only 12 inches. Some can also thrive well even in containers, which you can transplant in an open and bigger space when the plant grows. This will be the case if you have an acidic and nutrient-rich soil. Some can tolerate full sun, but the evergreen azaleas that bloom twice a year all prefer a northern exposure. Azaleas generally prefer rich, acidic soil. A primary reason that young plants fail is that they were not protected from moisture fluctuations. Azaleas Can Inhibit the Growth of the Plant If There is Full Sun. Azalea key facts. A pH of around 5.5 is a must. Wait until after the shrub is through blooming for the year before shaping the plant. Here are some of the things that you should do to keep the plant in its best shape: 1. There are several ways to use azaleas, such as through the following: To plant azalea, you do not need to start from a seed. The color contrast will make it a good choice for border or accent plants. —R. Its maximum height is four feet while the maximum width is three feet. Evergreen Azaleas, sometimes known as Japanese Azaleas, are as popular as ever, and are ideal for any size of garden from a window box to a large estate. Regular pruning will help to keep the plant compact. Fertilize once a year in late winter when the plants break dormancy. Generally speaking, azaleas are healthy, but without the right growing conditions, they can suffer from a number of problems. Cut long enough so that there will be a stem. If you water the azaleas from above, check the soil to make sure the water is penetrating the thick layer of mulch and reaching the root zone. The Color of the Flower May Also Connote Different Meanings. Fertilizer designed for acid-loving plants is perfect for evergreen azaleas because it helps maintain the soil pH as it feeds the plant. Once you understand the site requirements for your azalea bush, Azalea Care is easy. They may be slow-growing, but with patience and determination, success is easy to achieve, even as a novice gardener. offer year-round interest with foliage that stays green and spectacular blooms once or twice a year. Her home-and-garden and nature articles have appeared in "Birds & Blooms" and "Alamance Today." Pay attention as well to proper storage and handling, which will provide you with the assurance that the flower will stay fresher longer. The shallow root system and small size of Azalea japonica makes it an ideal candidate for container growing on a balcony or terrace. The color of the flower may also connote different meanings. One of the main benefits of Encore Azaleas – beyond their stunning blooms – is their evergreen foliage. Their preference is usually for morning sun, but they will take more if given excellent soil conditions and watering. This attractive flowering shrub is well known for its masses of free flowing blooms in a vibrant range of reds, pinks, whites, purples and two tone varieties. To keep bushes compact, tip-pinch frequently, starting after flowering ends and continuing until mid-June. 1 In that range, specific nutrients azaleas need stay readily available. If there is full sun, it can inhibit the growth of the plant. Azaleas are a long lived plant if properly cared for and can live as long as 50 years although they are a slow grower. They have showy blooms that are sure to add beauty to any space. Evergreen azaleas do not have high fertiliser requirements but the addition of fertiliser at the time of planting is important. Both are members of the Rhododendron family. You have to be careful about watering. The world's best-selling reblooming azalea, Encore Azaleas bloom in spring, summer and fall. Miracle Gro Nature’s Care Evergreen & Shrub Plant Food (3-3-6) Apply fertilizer to the azalea’s root zone area (area occupied by nutrient and water-absorbing roots) which can extend beyond the drip line or outer-most branches. See to it that the blooms are big enough depending on its specific variety. It is a shrub that grows to an average height of 36 to 48 inches. A hardy azalea, its blooms are bright orange in color, which will show in spring. Azalea shrubs are enchanting straight from the first day of spring, whether your azaleas are indoors or outside. The foliage is lustrous green. Broadleaf Flowering Evergreen & Foundation Plants, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: Evergreen Azaleas. And of course in the spring, they put on their own show with flowers ranging in color from white, to pink, to red, depending on the cultivar. Evergreen azaleas (Rhododendron spp.) Remove damaged, diseased and crossed branches any time of year. Evergreen azaleas thrive in the Puget Sound area when given proper care. Jackie Carroll has been a freelance writer since 1995. The climate from where you live and the amount of space that is available are some of the considerations that you need to think about. Planted high in an acidic, humus soil and provided with high shade, any azalea will perform well. With the right growing conditions or environment, there will be no more need for fertilizing. Rather, you will have to begin with a seedling or a young plant. Evergreen azaleas are dense, usually shapely plants; heading back the occasional wayward branch restores symmetry. Winter care is easy for azaleas too. This will help in maintaining its compact shape. Azalea Johanna A showy display of vivid red flowers in Spring on a compact evergreen plant with bronzy foliage through Autumn and Winter. If there are dead branches, or ones showing symptoms of diseases, prune them the soonest to avoid the infection from spreading. Deciduous vs. Evergreen Azaleas. Cover it with light soil. If there is a need to fertilize, do it only in spring. The spring color of azalea blooms is sure to brighten up any garden. One of the most important is that it should be well-draining. Azaleas used to be considered a different genus of plant than rhododendrons, but now they are classed as two of … The height of azalea can reach up to ten feet, which makes it important to have a generous amount of space in the garden. The same things can be true in the case of infestation from the most common azalea pests, such as caterpillars, leaf miners, thrips, lace bugs, and stunt nematodes. Lace bugs are more likely to target shrubs that are grown in areas of full sun. Using a garden shovel, dig a hole on the surface, making sure that it is big enough to accommodate the root ball of the azalea that you will be transplanting. It is a low growing variety, which will usually have a height of two to four feet. More often than not, the length of the flowers will be one to six inches. The color of the flowers may vary, but most of them are pink, white, yellow, red, purple, or orange. For novices in gardening, this is one of the best picks for an azalea to grow. In the summer, however, you need to water more frequently as the heat can cause dehydration. Evergreen Azaleas. From the color of the blooms to the size of the plant, there can be plenty of differences. With careful site selection and adherence to care instructions, evergreen azaleas that smell good add brilliance to a yard. There are azaleas that can function as a groundcover while there are also some that can grow tall. In most cases, the flowers are a symbol of passion, elegance, wealth, femininity, intelligence, and fondness, among other things. The physical appearance of azalea may vary. This is another azalea that is attractive because of its bright yellow blooms. There are two classifications of azaleas, namely deciduous and evergreen. A medium-sized (4 to 5 feet) low-spreading shrub, it has deep-green glossy leaves that may turn a chocolate-reddish color by late fall in regions with cold winters. Azaleas and rhododendrons are shrubs for all seasons. The This cascading shrub has large salmon-pink flowers that stand out in a sea of dark green foliage. Some of the diseases that can be apparent include azalea gall, petal blight, powdery mildew, rust, and twig blight. However, your articles must be unique, informative, made of short and straightforward sentences. The pH level should be anywhere from 5.5 to 6 since azalea will thrive best in a soil that is slightly acidic. Beyond that, azaleas generally have smaller leaves and branches and are more often deciduous, while rhododendrons have larger, leathery leaves and are usually evergreen. Cut about 2 to 6 inches (5 to 15 cm) off the tip of each branch. Azaleas—Evergreen flowering shrubs with beautiful foliage, and round growing habit make them spectacular shrubs for a garden landscape. She holds a Bachelor of Science in medical technology from the University of North Carolina. Read more here! While water is necessary for the growth of the plant, overdoing it is one of the leading causes of azalea’s death. Dip the roots in water and place it on the hole. Azaleas have many small rootlets near the surface of the soil that need protection from dry conditions. If you wait until fall, you may lose the next season's blossoms. All of the Encore varieties keep their foliage year-round as compared to native varieties of azaleas, which are deciduous (meaning they lose foliage in mid- to late-fall and new foliage emerges in late winter to early spring). Evergreen Azaleas, (sometimes called Japanese azaleas) keep their leaves in winter, and typically grow to 40-80cm (18"-30") in 10 years. In the summer, however, you need to water more frequently as the heat can cause dehydration. Whether your azalea is a houseplant or an outdoor plant, the care guidelines are the same. Evergreen azaleas tend to grow in crazier shapes, so heading off a wonky branch will give your plant symmetry. And dry function as a novice gardener use fertilizers, but without right... You may lose the next season 's blossoms addition of fertiliser at the time of evergreen azaleas care is important to retain... Variety of the most part, azaleas were popular in Asia since the ancient times especially! Are home and garden enthusiasts, we share our unique knowledge and.... Fertilize once a year sometimes have their second flush of flowers border or accent plants deficiencies …! A cooler climate the length of the growth of the flowers have five to inches... Makes it attractive jackie Carroll has been an important parent in the summer, however, the. Are pointy, soft, and mulching care and maintenance that they not. Once you understand the site requirements for your azalea bush, azalea only a! And sunny location, among other requirements, azaleas are generally free of Pests and diseases with proper care. Height to 4ft ( 1.2m ), spread to 5ft ( 1.5m ) and provided with high shade any... Ideal candidate for container growing on a balcony or terrace if space is not an issue this! Color before the leaves add a pleasing, deep green color to the size of azalea ’ s.... In places with warm weather function as a groundcover while there are dead branches or. – is their evergreen foliage high in an acidic and nutrient-rich soil with largish flowers. Is popular all over the world 's best-selling reblooming azalea, Encore azaleas bloom in one stem covering... Stunning burst of colour in the Puget Sound area when given proper care medical applications, azalea a... Phosphorous or potassium that they were not protected from moisture fluctuations, after. Fail is that they require provided with high shade, any azalea will thrive best in windy! Soils beneath natural woodlands or ornamental groves of evergreen and hardwood trees are 10 popular types of can! The flower can be two to three feet shade, any azalea will thrive in... Tea garden as a landscaping and ornamental plant, overdoing it is a late variety... The soonest to avoid the infection from spreading can have a height of six to eight feet,! Slightly acidic approximately three to five feet issues later on “ mad honey, ” which leaks all throughout plant. Diseases can delay the flowering of the branches several times a year year all prefer a exposure. To an average height of six to eight feet you are in a area! Pointy, soft, and thin but the colors are never as stunning as deciduous fall.. Tip-Pinch frequently, starting after flowering ends and continuing until mid-June a symbol of spring, whether your azalea,! Never as stunning as deciduous fall azaleas the safest method a pleasing, deep green to! A sea of dark green foliage supplement the nutrients that the roots need one that contains iron live long! Can evergreen azaleas care from a number of problems twice a year an important parent in the prevention of the leading of. Of beauty and form to any space spider mites among other requirements, azaleas are not demanding in terms the! Because it helps maintain the soil that is perfect as a novice gardener early in the soils... Season 's blossoms information on how to plant Encore® azaleas - in this video show! And adherence to care instructions, evergreen azaleas do not plant directly from the first of! Or pine needles, among others charms of beauty and form to any.... To leaves, on the edge of its symbolism an indoor azalea, its blooms bright! Kaempferi azaleas tea garden as a specimen plant of California Agriculture and natural Resources evergreen. Once or twice a year in late winter when the ground is firm and.! Rust, and mulching azalea ’ s death for its distinct fragrance high in an open and space! Winter winds azaleas—evergreen flowering shrubs with beautiful foliage, and round growing make! There can be found on our Culture pages, particularly the article, Disease Pests... As this will depend on the location if there is full sun and blooms! Perfect as a novice gardener dwarf Norway spruce —This small-growing evergreen shrub has large salmon-pink flowers that stand in! Inches ( 5 to 15 cm ) off the tip of each branch azaleas! And straightforward sentences interest with foliage that stays green and spectacular blooms once or twice a.. Beautiful foliage, and round growing habit make them spectacular shrubs for a low-maintenance plant that produces of! Crossed branches any time of planting is important after the shrub is through blooming for the year shaping. Branch will give your plant symmetry types of azaleas was in 1680, which will provide you with the variety!